Angioma of the brain
Local pathological seal, consisting of vessels, venous or arterial. This looks like a very dense tangle of vessels. They can be located on the surface of the body, and often at all in any way about yourself doesn't remind.
The symptoms of angioma
However, the angioma may occur not only on the body but in the brain, and then you can develop painful symptoms such as:
- headache, ringing in the ears, dizziness, with any pills the pain is impossible to withdraw
- seizures, epilepsy
- certain parts of the body can be affected by paralysis
- periodic nausea or vomiting, dizzy spells, constant tiredness, inability to work
- changes in taste perception and sensitivity (when such signs angioma frontal lobe of the brain, parietal)
- speech difficulties
- disturbances in coordination of movements, unstable gait
- deviations or significant changes in thinking, memory impairment, ability to concentrate, depression (angioma of the left frontal lobe of the brain).
These symptoms indicates the growth of angioma of the brain and increased pressure on the surrounding tissue.
The prevalence of individual symptoms may indicate the location of the education:
- the cerebellum
- right or left lobe
- one of the parietal lobes
- right or left temporal lobe.
If you ignore ailments, the fabric can begin to tear, leading to bleeding in the brain.
Signs may grow depending on the type and location of lesion: angioma in the spinal cord accompanied by severe pain in the back. If you develop a venous angioma, it can manifest in heart failure.
Why can occur this disease?
The causes of the "wrong" vascular network is formulated. However, a large percentage of discovered angiomas have a genetic etiology, in some cases, this is a response to head injury, infection untreated until the end of the disease.
The process of occurrence of vascular education begins with the fact that a healthy vessel is divided into small, which, in turn, are divided into smaller. Blood vessel goes into a vein, that is, arterial blood is not distributed as it should. The result is malnutrition of the surrounding tissues of the brain, which is manifested by various symptoms depending on the affected area.
Such formations are prone to hemorrhage, therefore, to ignore the manifestations of the disease in any case impossible. If the pathology shows a tendency to rapid growth, hemorrhage of varying severity are inevitable. Changes in the surrounding tissues, impaired blood flow can all lead to death.
Conventionally, the disease is of three types:
- venous angioma
This extends the vein, but hemorrhages are rare, and symptoms often. Outwardly, this form of the disease looks like a messy tangle of blood vessels that converge into a single thick venous vessel. This manifestation of the disease is the most harmless, if that word is applicable to the formation of brain tissue.
Nevertheless, ruptures and hemorrhages are rare, and people with venous angiom of the brain can be relatively easy to live.
- capillary angioma
the affected area is small, may be only a few millimeters. Consists of small kapillyarov, leads to violation of the outflow of blood.
- cavernous angioma
Consists of vessels with very thin walls, causing disruption of blood flow. The presence of this formation in the brain is dangerous.
Cluster of cavities (cavities) separated from surrounding tissues and from each otherthe thin fragile walls. They are randomly moving blood that literally at any moment can start to flow through the gaps of the cavities. The reason for the gap could be:
- a pressure surge
- a sudden movement, jump, fall
The characteristic feature of cavernous angioma is the occurrence of seizures.
How to treat this disease?
If that appears, the tumor shows no tendency to rapid growth and does not create problems and discomfort, it can just be left alone. There are cases when angioma resolves or is at rest.
But in any case, upon detection of such education should be examined typically assigned to angiography.
Sometimes the treatment of angiomas of the brain is carried out by exposure to weak radiation, this gradually AIDS the formation to dissolve.
Diagnosis and treatment
At the initial stage of development angioma does not create concern, a standard survey and delivery of analyses will not show anything unusual. Only when you have symptoms you suspect this is the problem. Sometimes the disease is detected incidentally during other surveys.
If there are signs to suggest this diagnosis, carried out diagnostic measures:
X-ray examination using contrast substances. Using this method you can see how the affected vessels of the brain, identify the location, size and type of angioma. The system of blood vessels is introduced a special substance. After some time, made some pictures, on the basis of which the diagnosis is made. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia.
- computed tomography
Very comfortable, modern diagnosis method does not require anesthesia, some preliminary measures can accurately determine the presence, type, and form tumors. Can be performed with contrast injection, however, and without it, the pictures are clear enough. Is made in layers, which allows to consider in detail how the very angiom and tissue around.
- magnetic resonance imaging
Is carried out using magnetic and radio wave radiation, allow us to see pathology in three dimensions. Does not require anesthesia and other preliminary measures.
To get appointed for the examination you need to contact the neurologist if you have symptoms, the symptoms of the disease, the doctor recommends that one of the methods for accurate diagnosis.
A conservative way to cure the disease, but in the absence of a direct threat to the life and health of the patient assigned to medical treatment of angiomas of the brain, the purpose of which is to stabilize health. The doctor prescribes medications that strengthen blood vessels, if necessary, painkillers and anti-anxiety.
If the angioma grows and does not stop living, usually do not do anything. There are people who live all life with this disease without even knowing about it (usually venous angioma). However, if it is still detected, check its status, just to avoid unexpected problems and to monitor the condition of the vessels, to take restorative drugs. Despite the term "benign", we should not forget that the education in the brain which in norm should not be.
Ways to get rid of angiomas
The danger is only growing, painful and reduce the quality of life of angioma, it is usually disposed of by surgery.
- If the angioma is located close to the surface, it just cut out.
- Gamma radiation is used for deep-seated formations. After the procedure, the blood vessels that make up the angiom, get blocked and it stopsto grow.
- Sometimes administered the substance that produces the same effect – blocking the blood flow in the vascular congestion
- Occlusion is a platinum spiral, which stops the blood flow in the damaged vessel
- The introduction of embolisate not only block the vessel, but also creates conditions for the further uptake of angioma is formed in its place connective tissue
After surgical intervention the prognosis for the angiom brain favorable, and the chance to return to normal life is very high, sometimes patients forget about the problem after a couple of months.