What is an angioma of the liver, dangerous?
Angioma is a common human tumor, which is benign in nature. This education can affect various organs and tissues. There are several varieties of angioma (they may consist of blood or lymphatic vessels). Angioma of the liver is one of the variants of the localization of education, is quite common. The tumor thus represents a plexus of blood vessels, which inside is filled with blood or lymph. Angioma of the liver tends to grow. In this case, it can be dangerous for the patient. Usually requires urgent treatment.
Characteristics of education
Hemangioma of the liver (angioma, composed of blood vessels) is quite common. The vast majority of cases, this education is present in female patients. Was not significantly identified all the causes of liver hemangiomas, but often it is congenital. Tumor growth occurs rather slowly. But in some cases it begins to actively grow, threatening the development of threat for the patient complications. Angioma can reach a size of 20 cm.
Hemangiomas can be capillary (to consist of one cavity filled with blood) or tricky (have several cavities separated from each other). The tumor may be single or hit the on multiple. Occurs most often right-sided liver lesion. Treatment of angiomas is not always required, in some cases, it resolves by itself. The treatment is made only on the recommendation of a physician. Self-treatment will not be effective.
The causes of pathology
There are several alleged reasons for the development of liver tumors. These include:
- hormonal changes (e.g. pregnancy);
- moved mother a viral disease in pregnancy.
It is alleged reasons for developing pathology.
The clinical picture
Hemangioma of the liver that has a small size, maybe to stay a long time is not revealed. It does not interfere with the patient. At this stage we can only randomly detect the disease during examination of the patient with other pathologies, localization of which is located near the liver.
In the later stages of the development of angiomas in a patient displays the following symptoms:
- nouse-drawing pain on the right side;
- nausea, vomiting;
- violation of liver function and organs located in the neighborhood;
- the pressure on the gastrointestinal tract;
- increased pressure in the blood vessels of the liver;
- the increase in body size.
Dangerous disease with its possible complications. At first glance, the disease is not serious, however, under certain conditions, can even be fatal. To prevent the negative consequences of the necessary constant monitoring of the patient, and, if necessary, removal of angiomas.
Otherwise, the patient may experience the following complications:
- trauma to the hemangioma, with subsequent rupture and profuse bleeding;
- other causes of rupture of the tumor with subsequent internal bleeding;
- compression of the internal organs, the violation of their normal work;
- necrosis of the hemangioma, associated with thrombosis of its vessels.
Hemangioma is not degenerates into a malignant tumor if her tissue began to die. Necrotic, it can happen.
Identification of angiomas of the liver occurs through a variety of visual studies. For these purposes use ultrasound, angiography, tomography (MRI), and scintigraphy. Also requireslaboratory tests to determine the General condition of the patient. A biopsy is not carried out, because it can cause rupture of the angioma.
How to treat angiom liver will tell the doctor. In the absence of dynamics and pronounced signs of pathology of a patient may be recommended dynamic observation. If necessary, a hormonal treatment, the patient is recommended diet. Can also be used in radiation therapy, electrocoagulation, freezing with liquid nitrogen. These techniques slow down the tumor growth.
The most effective is surgical treatment in which the tumor is removed with a portion of the liver. Such treatment is not possible if the affected vessels of the liver or both lobes. If the patient is suffering from cirrhosis of the liver, the operation is also possible.