What is adenokistoznaya carcinoma, symptoms and treatment
Illness called adenokistoznaya carcinoma is a quite rare malignant entity. The patient this disease first affects the salivary glands. It is important to note that the occurrence of cancer of this type is extremely specific, as this rapid and chaotic start to multiply and grow skin cells. At this time also begin to develop a kind of "cords" that cannot be seen with the naked eye.
Also another feature of this disease is a low degree of differentiation. Because of this, it's safe to say that this cancer is extremely aggressive in its development. All tumors in any case to grow and affect the surrounding tissue. In addition, metastases in the lymph nodes can be seen even in the early stages of development adenokistoznaya carcinoma. Often this disease also affects other organs in addition to salivary glands, in particular, this can be the cervix, prostate, skin or mammary glands. This type of cancers is characterized by frequent recurrences and rapid metastases.
How is adenokistoznaya carcinoma?
Here, the first thing it is important to emphasize that the severity of symptoms increases with the development of this cancer. For this reason, in the early stages of many patients in no way complain about their health. In most cases the pathology of the notice during a visit to the dentist or during a routine examination. However, it should be said that there are the main manifestations of this pathological process, namely:
- the tumor tumors in the sky;
- the blue color of the lining of the mouth;
- strong salivation;
- difficult nose breathing;
- pain syndrome neoplasms;
- long-term rhinitis;
- difficulty swallowing;
- snoring during sleep;
- failures in activities of the muscles of the face;
- total incapacity;
- poor appetite;
- dizziness and pain in the head.
Features of carcinoma of upper jaw
The first is to say that the upper jaw are much more vulnerable to cancer than the bottom. While the tumor grows into the bone of the upper jaw. And the patient first complain of numbness in parts my face, and headache. But often this can lead to false diagnoses, sinusitis or rhinitis. As a result, the treatment will be completely futile. Then begins to emerge a swelling of the cheeks, the teeth start loosening and develops over time facial deformation. Nevertheless, tumors and metastasis occurs much less frequently than in tumors of other organs.
How is the treatment?
Unfortunately, due to the characteristic location of these tumors, their treatment meets with many difficulties. And often the effect is achieved only by using multiple techniques. The first and most radical way of getting rid of these tumors is surgical intervention. At the same time, it is important to say that in the situation when the disease is detected at the earliest stages appears more and more likely to spend minimally traumatic surgery. Because the initial phases of development of this disease only need to carry out excision of the main lesion of tumor development and thus have only a little to affect the surrounding tissue. But if the process of tumor development has gone too far, then the tumor is removed together with part of the palate and other tissues of the mouth. And after surgery, need helpa plastic surgeon, as a result of the operation will arise rather big defects.
Another method of treatment this type of cancer is radiation therapy, which is irradiated with education itself, in order to reduce its size and to exclude the possibility of metastasis. When adenokistoznaya carcinoma it is treatment may last even up to surgery. Through this it is possible to prepare a tumor remove and reduce the amount of tissue to be removed during surgery. In addition, the irradiation also can be carried out after surgery to eliminate tumor cells that have survived. Thus, we can say that this therapy is a large measure helps in the treatment of tumor.
Can also be used chemotherapy, because it can help to struggle with an increase in tumors and metastasis. Most often this treatment is carried out in combination with other methods of getting rid of cancer.