Lipoma of the lung: causes and consequences of the disease
Lipoma as a variety of benign tumors in the lungs develops rarely. It is formed from adipose tissue as a result of abnormal growth of perfectly healthy cells. For such neoplasms are not characterized by the appearance of metastases and the shock surrounding tissue. At first, until the lipoma had not reached a considerable size, it may not give the person any discomfort. But over time, the growth of the tumor may receive the pressure of the surrounding tissues and organs, accompanied by pain sensations.
In addition, the cells of the body, where the lipoma develops gradually transformirovalsya, placing the tumor into a kind of capsule. Due to this, it becomes protected from the attack of antibodies and may increase in size absolutely free. And then there is a legitimate question: what to do if you find a lipoma of the lung, and what factors can cause such problems?
Causes of lump
A significant role in the development of tumors of this kind, and, in particular, in light, is a factor of heredity. It is proved that genetic predisposition has a more than 50% of individuals suffering from this disease.
One of the possible reasons are so-called neurotrophic disorders, in which due to deficiency of certain substances in the nerve fibers of a particular area to begin to accumulate fatty tissue that forms the lipoma.
Secrete several factors that can enhance the growth of Wen:
- metabolic disorders;
- diseases of the liver and pancreas;
- viral disease;
- addictions (Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption);
- exposure to ultraviolet rays;
- exposure to toxic chemicals, etc.
To provoke the appearance of lipomas can lung and respiratory diseases, that affect the immune system of the body:
- bronchitis (especially chronic disease);
- tuberculosis of the lungs.
Both existing forms of tumors of this kind, that is, abdominoplastia, and parasternal lymph node of the lung in the early stages of development practically does not manifest itself. To discover them can often by chance, during a survey of nearby organs. If the tumor has not been diagnosed, and she was able to reach a certain size, it can cause pretty unpleasant symptoms.
So, has attained a considerable size of the lipoma, sprouting in the area of the diaphragm, contribute to the development of the crushing sensations in your chest and shortness of breath. The blood vessels of the lungs also undergo pathological changes under the influence of the tumor, which patients may experience cough paroxysmal character, with sputum containing blood impurities. The Central location of the lipoma in some cases, becomes the cause of bronchial stenosis if the lumen is sealed by one of the bronchi.
Damage and compression of the tissues may trigger the development of inflammatory process with all the associated symptoms (fever, chills, malaise, etc.). In rare cases, a lipoma can cause bleeding from the bronchi.
The main methods of diagnosis and treatment
Modern medicine uses a number of diagnostic methods to identify and investigate the nature of benign tumors of the lung:
- chest x-rays;
- computed tomography;
If there is a lipomadoes not cause the person discomfort and exerts pressure on the located in the area of development of organs, surgery is not required. In such cases we can restrict dynamic monitoring its size and condition of the patient.
If the development of tumors is accompanied by symptoms, bearing of pathological or even life-threatening character (the overlap of the bronchus, hemorrhage), a tumor to be removed. Surgical intervention involves removal and lipoma, and the capsule in which it is located.
There is an alternative, less invasive option for the removal of a tumor from fatty tissue is liposuction inside the capsule. However, it is applicable only in the case of lipomas of small size, located on the surface of the lung. In addition, this procedure does not allow to remove the shell of the tumor.
Thus, the most important is to identify which arose the tumor, to determine its nature and to assess the possible harmful effects on not only the lungs but also to other nearby organs. In fact, although a lipoma and not a malignant tumor, without proper monitoring and timely intervention, she is also able to cause damage to human health.