Types of lipomas and basic methods of their treatment
Lipoma is the result of pathological proliferation of adipose tissue and belongs to the category of benign tumors. By itself, the lump does not pose a threat to human health, but, having reached a certain size, may begin to exert pressure on nearby internal organs, becoming a source of discomfort and pain. In addition, in some cases a lipoma can become inflamed and evolve into a malignant tumor. Therefore, for each person, faced with the education of Wen, the question of what it is and how to treat a lipoma is very important.
What is a fatty lipoma?
Externally a lipoma looks like a tumor of spherical shape with diameter from 15 mm to 50 mm most Often it is elastic and soft, but in some cases may be felt as a solid tumor. This phenomenon was the gradual process of the formation of a so-called capsule around the lump, consisting of connective tissue. This shell protects the lipoma from the effects of the antibodies, so it can increase in size.
In principle, the lipoma can appear absolutely anywhere where there is fat, but the favorite places of such neoplasms are the stomach, chest, neck and head, at least – the hands and feet.
The mechanism of formation of lipomas
Despite all the advances in modern medicine, the real cause of lipomas is not fully installed. But there were singled out those factors which in certain circumstances can cause increased growth of fat cells:
- the trauma areas of the body where there is accumulation of adipose tissue;
- violation of metabolism in the form of reducing the activity of certain enzymes.
One of the leading roles in the formation of talc is a factor of heredity. According to statistics, 50% of patients with lipomas a similar problem is present in the family history.
In addition, to increase the rate of growth of the lump can:
- diseases of the liver and pancreas;
- unhealthy lifestyle, including Smoking and abuse of alcohol;
- neoplasms of the respiratory system;
- reduced function of the pituitary gland;
- deficiency of thyroid hormones in the body.
Classification of neoplasms
Depending on the composition distinguish the following types of lipoma:
- Lipoferum – soft tumor, consisting solely of adipose tissue.
- Fibrolipoma education, more dense to the touch, consisting of adipose and connective tissue.
- Miliom – tumor, having in its composition, in addition to fatty tissue and even muscle fibers, giving the lipoma some tuberosity.
- Angiolipoma – Wen, containing a large amount of blood vessels, which gives it a distinctive shade.
- Myelolipoma neoplasm composed of adipose tissue and hematopoietic.
The location of these tumors are divided into:
- lipoma of the internal organs;
- tendon (formed by the tendon or in the joint cavity);
- lipoma of the breast;
- perineural (affects nerve fibers);
- vnutripolostno (formed at the intervertebral discs);
- intramuscular (strikes a muscle fiber).
Diagnosis and treatment of tumor
Until the lipoma had not reached a certain size, its presence may have no effect on the physical condition of the person, so to identify the tumor often fails during ultrasound examination of the nearby organs. But, freely increasing in size, it can become painful and put pressure on neighboring tissues and organs. In this case, the mostinformative methods of diagnosis of tumors are x-ray, CT scan and biopsy to confirm its benign nature.
The choice of method of treatment of lipomas should be based solely on the results of these surveys. When its size is insignificant, allowed dynamic observation of its growth and overall health of the patient. The doctor can resort to one of the treatment options lipoma without surgery, which involves the introduction of a medicinal product, which triggers the process of resorption of fat cells. To this end, the tumor is pierced with a special needle and inserted through a medicine. But this method is only valid if the size of the lump does not exceed 3 cm.
If the tumor is growing at a rapid pace, creates discomfort and pain, interfere with the functioning of internal organs or become obvious cosmetic defect, the decision about the need for surgical removal of lipomas.
In addition, patients with this problem often wonder whether the lipoma to dissolve itself if, for example, begin to actively lose weight? The answer is clear – even with a substantial weight loss of a tumor of this type continue to accumulate fat cells and increase in size.
Ways to remove Wen
For the removal of tumors of this kind are used the following methods:
- Traditional surgical intervention. The tumor is dissected with a scalpel, and all of its contents cleaned. This method allows you to remove even the largest lipomas and prevent re-appearance, but most often leaves behind visible scars. Involves the use of General anesthesia.
- Lipoma removal by laser. Has no contraindications and effectively in any location of the lump. Such a method leads to the formation of scars and is not accompanied by painful sensations.
- Endoscopy. Involves the introduction into the tumor of the finest tools and pumping out the contents. The procedure does not entail any discomfort to the patient and does not leave behind any scars.
- The radio wave method. Effective, quick and painless procedure, largely similar to laser removal, but it has certain contraindications (patient has a pacemaker, metal prosthesis, etc.).
In addition to traditional means, a lot of prescriptions for the treatment of lipoma at home offers and folk medicine. But we must not forget that they can be used only as a supplemental, supportive therapy, and in some cases, when the lipoma of considerable size or its transformation to a malignant tumor, the only good solution is removing it surgically.