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Cancer stage 4 with metastases

Cancer is a serious disease in which malignant cells begin to grow and divide with lightning speed and spread to other parts of the body. It was previously thought that only malignant tumor cells can metastasize. Cancer occurs when one cell in a tissue is genetically damaged which leads to formation of a cancer stem cell that possesses a malignant phenotype. These cancer cells undergo uncontrolled abnormal mitosis (cell division), which causes an increase in the total number of cancer cells in the body. This disease is fatal in nature, because the cancer stage 4 with metastases incurable.

Body where there are abnormal cells that are already clinically noticeable, is called the primary tumor. Some cancer cells have the ability to infiltrate surrounding normal tissues in the local area, and form a new tumor. New tumors in nearby organs called a local metastasis. For example, if colon cancer metastasizes to the liver, the secondary tumor is made of abnormal cells of the intestine and not from liver cells. The various stages of progress cancer becomes important when making decisions about the course of treatment.

Lung cancer the fourth degree

Fourth stage lung cancer (metastatic lung cancer) is the most advanced stage of cancer of this organ. Almost 40% of people learn about their disease is already at stage 4. This stage of lung cancer, not treatable, however, thanks to clinical trials is possible to extend life and to relieve pain.

Metastases lung cancer stage 4 defines a lung tumor of any size that has spread (metastasized) to another area of the body such as another lobe of the lung, or pleural fluid.

The symptoms of metastatic lung cancer can be the following:

  • kashel s krovu persistent cough;
  • coughing up blood (hemoptysis);
  • shortness of breath;
  • hoarseness;
  • fatigue;
  • unintended weight loss;
  • loss of appetite;
  • pain in the chest, back, shoulders;
  • secondary manifestations of pneumonia or bronchitis;
  • wheezing voice.

Symptoms associated with the tumor spread to other parts of the body:

  • pain in back, hips, ribs, if the tumor has spread to the bones;
  • difficulty swallowing because of a tumor in the esophagus;
  • headaches, vision changes, weakness or cramps, if the tumor spreads to the brain;
  • jaundice (yellowing of the skin) if abnormal cells have spread to the liver.

Overall survival metastatic lung cancer, unfortunately, about 1%. The median survival is about 8 months.

Metastatic liver cancer

poterya appetitaAll the famous important work of the liver for our body. Unfortunately, liver cancer is the leader among deaths among the population and is considered one of the most terrible diseases of the digestive tract. Liver metastases stage 4 – malignant disease is metastasis of the tumor nearest.

The symptoms of metastatic liver cancer:

The most common symptom is abdominal pain and fluid in the abdominal cavity as well:

  • loss of appetite;
  • fever;
  • nausea.

Symptoms such as jaundice, yellowing of the skin and swelling of the legs, can also indicate metastatic liver cancer.

The most terrible disease is that the liver is the last stage ceases to perform the important processes of digestion. Violation of the splitting of bile leads to the fact that this fluid begins to accumulate in the brain tissue, and metastases of the brain grade 4. completely destroy the patient. The patient becomes incapacitated, there are psychological disorders. At this stagedisease life expectancy is very low.

Metastases in the spine 4 degrees

Metastases in the spine tend to occur from primary tumors of such organs as lungs, kidneys and prostate gland. In this case, treatment requires emergency treatment, however, in most cases, it is impossible for the simple reason that the symptoms of metastatic cancer to the spine similar to other diseases.

Ignoring the survey – the biggest mistake many people. Never fear, because you take away precious years of my life!

silnaya bol v spineIf you have revealed metastases in the spine stage 4, you need to understand that the tumor destroys segments of the spine and bone.

While the patient observes the following indications:

  • strong back pain;
  • difficulty during movement;
  • paralysis;
  • muscle weakness;
  • swelling in region of spine.

However, the most severe pain will be felt in the lower back region and to give in the gluteal area. Metastases in the spine may affect the bone tissue, and 4 extent of bone metastases can lead to a complete paralysis of the patient.

Metastatic bowel cancer

Like any tumor, metastases of colon cancer of 4 degrees, arise from primary tumors in nearby organs. Unfortunately, in most cases, metastatic or 4th stage of colon cancer is not curable, in contrast to the earlier extent.

Tumors that develop in the intestine, grow slowly. Most of them don't even give warning signs, so you must be vigilant and know the symptoms can be.

rezkaya poterya vesaMain symptoms:

  • abrupt loss of weight;
  • lack of appetite;
  • pain in the abdomen;
  • weakness and fever.

Unfortunately, the survival rate is very low, as it is only a matter of time before the cancer starts to progress again, and spread to new bodies. The treatment of metastatic cancer of 4 degrees includes chemotherapy, extensive surgery, radiation treatment, radiation and chemo treatments, and medications. But, do not forget that all these methods only in order to relieve you from excruciating pain and for longer to prolong life.

Organ transplantation may also be an option depending on the spread of the cancer.