Tumor marker for melanoma
What is the tumor marker? A tumor marker is a shortened version of the name. Full name: tumor marker. The tumor marker is an achievement of the medicine. Now cancer is much easier to diagnose. In their composition a large number of substances, which upon analysis reveal malignant cells.
Oncology and tumor markers
What they need Oncology? What is their main task?
- The presence of a tumor.
- To identify the source of development.
- If the patient is at risk.
- To identify relapse.
Before resorting to this method of diagnosis you need a really important reason. The main reason is the suspicion of melanoma. What is melanoma? Melanoma is a cancer resulting from moles. Many people do not understand why doctors pay so much attention to mole. All because moles are able to grow and this is a bad sign.
The first signs of melanoma:
- Mole has not the right border.
- The change of color. From the previously yellow mole may become suddenly black with small patches.
- The size of the mole is greater than 6 mm.
- The absence of hair on the education.
- Next no more moles.
Tumor marker for melanoma of the skin increased only in the case when there is a likelihood of tumor formation. Tumor marker for melanoma is S 100. The first analysis must be made before the start of all medical procedures. The tumor marker is likely to show elevated levels. The following analysis is carried out after the operation. In this case, the tumor marker of melanoma is increased if not removed the whole tumor and the likelihood is that she will continue to progress.
The patients in whom the tumor was removed, but left without chemotherapy, or those receiving hormone therapy are required the first 36 months for tests for tumor markers every 2-3 months, then every six months for 2 years, later moving to an annual survey.
As soon as a significant increase in the level of tumor markers, the patient is directed to 2 additional analysis and calculations in 2-4 analysis. In the hands of doctors should be 3 analysis. If all of them show rising levels, so the tumor progressed again and is in need of immediate radical treatment.
With therapy chemistry final analysis is performed before starting treatment and before each subsequent course. Increasing tumor markers for 3 consecutive times indicate failure of therapy.
Fact. According to statistics, for every 100 cancer patients have 44 people who died from skin cancer.
At an early stage of developing cancer during laboratory tests in blood and urine identifies specific components of the tumor markers. In most cases, are proteins and different production from them. Modern medicine is able early to identify the disease and begin the treatment of the person. The sooner the doctors know about the tumour, the greater the likelihood of healing.
Tumor markers have a different focus. Most popular: tumor markers in cancer of the skin, stomach, pancreas, uterus, ovaries, breast and other.
Tumor markers on the melanoma does not yet exist, but the promotion don't stop. Nowadays, there are more than 200 tumor markers, and cancer of the skin. Diagnosis is carried out when using 20. Conduct examination in specialized medical institutions, Oncology departments, clinics, laboratories, etc.
Definition of cancer by using tumor markers is quite simple. To do this, take blood and urine of the patient. Laboratory tests add antibodieswhich in turn give a reaction that defines the true state of Affairs.
Important! Should not panic when you see a higher result. Tumor markers can give a wrong result if the body has other diseases.
To get an accurate diagnosis need other supporting evidence of a disease. With melanoma need a special tumor marker laboratory. The blood is taken from a vein on an empty stomach. The result of the analysis will be known after a few hours.
The reasons for the performance:
- Benign tumors.
- The development of cysts.
The result of markers is possible only at the beginning stages of development. The more the disease started, the less likely a patient's care.
The use of markers is not so common. All due to the fact that the use had the desired scale. Any methodology requires experimentation and this procedure is no exception.