Tumor of the ovary. What is the reason?
According to modern medical rules of all the tumors, determined in the region of the uterus is referred to as the ovarian tumors. Regardless of shape, size, symptoms revealed the tumor needs further diagnosis. It is necessary to detect its real size and to determine whether it is benign or malignant.
What are ovarian tumors?
Depending on which cells the tumor develops, allocate the following forms:
- Stromal tumor. It is formed in the tissues, which form the basis of the ovary. Such tumors produce hormones.
- Germ cell tumor. This neoplasm is formed from the tissue that gives rise to oocytes.
- Epithelial tumor. This is the most frequent tumor. They are formed in the tissue covering the ovary outside.
Like any other tumor, tumor of the uterus are divided into benign and malignant.
Benign ovarian tumors
The majority of all tumors are benign. This means that they do not germinate in the surrounding tissue, do not form metastases and does not threaten a woman's life. In some cases, they resolve on their own within a few menstrual cycles.
Most often among benign ovarian tumors are cysts. A cyst is a hollow formation are filled with liquid. Its size can vary from 1-2 cm to 15-20 cm.
Malignant ovarian tumors
Ovarian cancer can be primary, when the tumor originated in the ovary or secondary, that is, metastases from another tumor. Most often the second option. The primary tumor may be located in the stomach, bowels, breast or uterus.
Why is there a tumor?
Many factors can negatively affect the female reproductive system. Primarily hormonal imbalance leads to hyperplasia of the tissues from which the tumor develops. That is, the cells begin to grow and faster to share. What is the cause of hormonal imbalance is exactly is hard to say. It is possible that the current surge of neoplastic diseases of the female sphere is a kind of payback for the fact that we have less to bear children. The body simply nowhere to put the resulting hormones.
Often the cause of tumor development are certain forms of human papillomavirus.
Risk factors significantly increases the likelihood of developing a tumor of the uterus:
- Early onset of puberty,
- Too early or too late menopause,
- Irregular menstrual cycle
- Food with a considerable predominance of saturated fatty acids,
- Genetic predisposition,
- Diseases of the thyroid gland.
Manifest as tumors of the ovary?
The earliest and most common symptoms of ovarian tumor is dragging pain in the abdomen. Often they are localized on one side. About a quarter of patients had menstrual disorders and infertility. With a significant tumor size, it may squeeze the bladder or bowel. Then there are disorders of urination, flatulence, and other problems in these organs.
Serious problems are in connection with a torsion leg tumor. Develops ischemia and necrosis of its tissues, which may be accompanied by suppuration and symptoms of so-called acute abdomen.
Feminizing tumor (increasing the content of female hormones) lead to premature puberty in girls, uterine bleeding in adult women. Virilizing tumors (producing male hormones androgens) cause the appearance of signs of masculinization. Stops the menstrual cycle, comes the infertility. Possible even malnutritionmammary glands, thickening of the voice, baldness.
Detection of tumors
Diagnosis of ovarian cancer currently is not a serious difficulty. Regular examination by a gynecologist, some parameters of clinical blood analysis and the results of histological examination of smears can give rise to diagnosis of ovarian tumor. In the event of the slightest suspicion appoint additional examination. Mandatory perform ultrasonic diagnosis, some functional tests, tests for tumor markers.
Control of ovarian neoplasms is necessary in any case, because despite the fact that in most cases the tumors are benign, there remains enough risk of malignancy, malignancy.