Symptoms of cancer of the larynx. When you need to worry?
All tumors of the respiratory tract often develops a tumor of the larynx. Moreover, most men suffer. Most likely, this is because they are more likely to smoke and abuse alcohol. These risk factors, along with infections and human papillomavirus, are the leading, most often provoking the swelling of the larynx.
Symptoms of benign and malignant tumors of the larynx
The main symptom of cancer of the larynx is the voice changing. It is characteristic of benign and malignant tumors. The voice may become husky or hoarse. In cases when the tumor formed on the long leg, there are alternating changes in the voice and frequent cough. The voice may be absent. It is typical for the location of the tumor in the region of the vocal cords, which prevent their closing.
Danger to life of patient with benign tumors of the larynx are not. With the exception of cases when the tumor becomes too large and can cause asphyxia. Most often this happens with young children.
Types of benign tumors of the larynx:
- Polyps of the larynx,
- Papillomas of the larynx,
- Cysts of the larynx,
The types of malignant tumors of the larynx:
- Squamous cell carcinoma,
- Chondrosarcoma developing from benign tumors of gondrom.
Symptoms of malignant tumors of the larynx
The first sign, as mentioned above, the change of voice. In this case, you can still have pain in the throat and difficulty swallowing. Often these symptoms are similar to symptoms of colds or allergic reactions, making it difficult to diagnose.
If hoarseness accompanied by difficulty swallowing or pain in throat, does not go more than two weeks, an urgent need to go to the doctor, because it can be a manifestation of cancer of the larynx.
With the development and expansion of the tumor appear and other symptoms:
- Sore throat becomes cutting,
- Added ear pain
- Appears chronic cough,
- There is a feeling of a foreign body in the throat,
- The tumor in the neck becomes visible
- Observed any unexplained weight loss.
Foreign body sensation in the throat occurs when a tumor located in the region of the epiglottic or arytenoid cartilage-epiglottic folds. Difficulty swallowing can be due to the fact that the epiglottic cartilage is compacted.
The tumor in the majority of cases does not allow to leak the vocal cords. For this reason, and change of voice, which progress until his disappearance. Germination of the tumor into the lumen of the larynx leads to constant coughing, breathing problems, until the development of asthma. However, breathing problems are observed generally in the last stages of the disease.
This symptom is ear pain, also appears in the later stages of the disease. It is due to tumor invasion into nerves or growth of metastases. In addition, malignant tumors of the larynx spread to adjacent organs. This can be fabric in the neck, tongue, trachea, and lungs. That is, the tumor begins to metastasize. They have the same structure as the primary tumor, and are not independent tumors affected by metastatic organ. They klassificeret: metastatic tumors of the larynx, like the lung.
For malignant tumors is always characterized by General signs of the disease. A person becomes physically weaker, feeling tired, gradually losing interest in their usual activities. With timely treatment (on the first and second stages) forecastquite favorable. The vast majority of patients recover. Benign tumors usually respond well to treatment.