Ovarian cancer 2 stage. What is it?
Localization of oncological processes in the field of female genital mutilation remains quite frequent. Yet fails to significantly improve the situation, and the number of deaths also remains high. Mortality from this disease ranks fifth among cancer causes. Ovarian cancer is considered one of the most difficult cancers.
The cause of ovarian cancer is a mutation of one of the genes. This disease often occurs in several women of the same family, often in patients with cancer are tumor formations in other organs. Often it is detected at 3 or even 4 stages, when many problems arise. The identification on the 1st and 2nd stages have a greater chance for successful treatment. However, stage 1 occurs often asymptomatic, but on 2 stages of ovarian cancer have some symptoms that make a woman seek medical attention.
What does stage 2 ovarian cancer?
This means that the tumor is in one or both ovaries and has spread to organs and tissues of the pelvis. Within phase 2 will provide additional: 2A, 2B, and 2C.
- Stage 2A the cancer has spread to the fallopian tubes or the uterus
- Stage 2B the tumor affects other pelvic organs (rectum, bladder), as well as the nearby tissue, there is ascites,
- Stage 2C tumor spread is the same, but in ascites or washings of the abdominal cavity are determined by the cancer cells.
Symptoms of ovarian cancer stage 2
In the second stage can already be symptoms of cancer. One of the characteristic symptoms of ovarian cancer lower back pain. Many people do not pay attention to it, as it is quite tolerant. Meanwhile, leave it unattended, you need to consult a doctor. In addition to lower back pain can be discomfort or pain in the lower abdomen. Another characteristic feature of women's issues in the genital area bleeding. It may be too abundant menstruation, or bleeding between periods. In some cases spotting after intercourse.
Due to ovarian cancer in many women disrupted the gastrointestinal tract. Flatulence, constipation or diarrhoea, such effects are not uncommon in the second stage of the disease. Because the tumor has spread to the lower sections of the intestine and puts pressure on him, disturbs the evacuation of the waste products. Women at this stage of ovarian cancer ascites due to increasing the stomach. Even have to change clothes in a larger size. At the same time, may begin weight loss, which always happens when any disease.
So, the symptoms of the second stage of ovarian tumor:
- Pain in the abdomen and lower back
- Disorder of the intestine,
- An increase in the abdomen,
- State changes of the mammary glands and vagina.
Common symptoms of cancer 2 stages:
- Weight loss,
- Chronic fatigue,
The tumor affects the body, and this inevitably affects the General condition of the patient. A woman can become lethargic or irritable, it is difficult to sleep, because the body is constantly experiencing a lack of energy.
Diagnosis and treatment
For diagnostic use the following methods:
With the help of modern machines determine the size of the tumor, its boundaries, identify the degree of damage of neighboring organs and tissues. Using a small laparoscopic surgery to take a biopsy of a piece of the tumor. This study shows some of the cells is a tumor, and makes it possible to more correctly align the treatment regimen.
For the treatment of ovarian cancer in 2 stages, the main use of radical surgery, duringwhere do extremely (removal) of the uterus. After surgery, usually receive chemotherapy.
Approximately half of the patients who started treatment in 2 stages of this disease have all chances to live at least another 5 years is the prognosis of ovarian cancer.