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How is this treatment tubular adenoma

Tubular adenoma is a benign neoplasm of the large intestine, which occurs in almost half of the population older than 50 years. Tubular adenoma is a kind of intestinal polyps.

This is quite a dangerous disease, which, although is benign, but may degenerate into a malignant form.

Characteristics of tubular adenomas

tubulyarnaya adenomaTubular adenoma or polyp grows slowly. With a small amount education not as dangerous as with size of 1 cm in diameter. However, the probability of conversion of this type of polyps is quite high. Tubular adenoma is considered a precancerous condition.

For small polyp has clear boundaries. The formation of the red color. With the growth and development of the polyp, its color changed to crimson. The education appears the leg on which it rises. Is the formation of loose tissue.

Tubular adenoma usually affects the colon, however, there are polyps of sigmoid colon cancer and even polyps in the stomach. Also quite common tubular adenoma with dysplasia. In this pathology there is a deviation in the development of cells, therefore, it resembles malignancy.

To prevent the degeneration into a malignant process needs immediate treatment.

The reasons for the development of polyps

Causes of adenomas has not been well established. It is believed that the prerequisites for the development of polyps are poor diet and adverse environmental conditions, contact with harmful substances.

The overabundance of animal fats in the diet while decreasing consumption of fruits, vegetables that contain fiber and dietary fiber, becomes an agent provocateur of the pathology development. Food with high caloric content also increases the risk of formation of polyps in the intestine. Polyps can develop in people of any age, including in children, but with age, the probability of formation of adenomas increases.

The clinical picture

Pathology may be asymptomatic, if education does not differs in the considerable sizes (up to 1 cm in diameter). But in most cases, the symptoms are still manifest. With the increase in the size of the polyp is sure to show itself.

boli v zhivoteSymptoms of adenomas include:

  • disruption in the gastrointestinal tract (diarrhea or constipation).
  • abdominal pain, bloating due to difficult flatus;
  • pain with defecation, bleeding and increased amount of mucus in the stool;
  • itching, discomfort or pain in the anus or in the anal canal.

You may experience a few symptoms or all at the same time. An examination of the patient.

Diagnostic pathology

rentgenologicheskoe obsledovanieTo identify the disease used different survey methods: endoscopy, x-ray examination, biopsy, colonoscopy. Unfortunately, when the biopsy reliably say whether in the presence of a malignant process, it is impossible. Cancer degeneration can begin at home benign.

Polyps can symptoms resemble the diseases of the stomach, pancreas, liver and other organs. Because diagnosis can be difficult. Recommended for any disease of the gastrointestinal tract to conduct a proctologic examination and sigmoidoscopy. For the differential diagnosis used sigmoidoscopy. This method of examination requires careful preparation. The patient receives an enema to remove feces, which mayto serve as a barrier for the detection of polyps. A large part of adenomas of the large intestine is within reach of sigmoidoscopy.


The treatment is only by surgery. Surgery may be performed in several ways. Removal of polyps can not recommend immediately, if the polyps has a more favourable prognosis and the quality of education is less than 1 cm, it is recommended that only constant surveillance.

But under certain types of disease, the removal is carried out in a mandatory manner. For example, tubular-villous adenoma requires mandatory surgical intervention, even at small sizes. At larger sizes it is recommended surgical removal of the classic way. At small sizes for removal of polyps can apply endoscopic removal. With the help of electrocoagulation can remove most polyps. After removal of all polyps are subject to mandatory histological examination to detect malignancy.