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Toxic adenoma of the thyroid: symptoms, causes and treatment

Disorder that often occurs due to the growth of a thyroid nodule is called toxic adenoma of the thyroid gland. Nodes thyroid gland secrete thyroid hormones, which create serious problems in the body. Most nodules of the thyroid noncancerous structure. They can multiply or spread through the body, but still no harm talking about. They are outside of the pituitary gland and together with follicular cells to form and secrete hormones in large quantities. It happens that the degree of secretion even greater than normal need, the patient is suffering from hyperthyroidism.

Toxic adenoma requires careful diagnosis of a competent specialist, because the symptoms may resemble other diseases associated with the thyroid.


Toxic adenoma in many cases is a consequence goes untreated or is not treated nodular goiter, which was just a neutral education hormonal origin.

On reception at the doctor the first thing is palpation, in which a round is determined by education with clear contours and is absolutely painless. When swallowing saliva or food education is shifting towards. Lymph nodes that are near more often than not increase. Symptoms of toxic thyroid adenoma develop slowly. In some cases, benign growths that are not brought discomfort, begin to produce thyroid hormones.

plaksivostThe patient in such moments begins to feel the following:

  • Strong aggression to everything that is happening;
  • Stress and tearfulness;
  • The mood can change every minute.

It is the primary symptoms that accompany a little later disorders of the nervous system, which innervates internal organs and blood vessels.

This leads to the following:

  • Your heart rate increases (even in the night time);
  • Disturbed heart rhythm (appear isolated extra heart beats), which may result in atrial fibrillation;
  • Blood pressure elevated.

Also, the patient may notice the appearance of diarrhea, sudden fever, fever and appetite. It is worth noting that even with increased appetite weight patient is still declining.

With the course of the disease, more and more will manifest symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Will decrease the TSH levels in the blood, and normal and healthy tissue thyroid be hormonal activity.


Toxic adenomas are more often found in women than men. The patient notices an increase in the cervical region, he should immediately consult the doctor for diagnosis. Your doctor will personally identify nodules by physical examination and radiological images. These functional tests will contribute to further mapping of toxic adenoma.

In some other cases, functional testing and physical examination is also possible suspected thyrotoxicosis. These knots are usually dark in color and hence the scan will help to notice them. Thyrotoxic adenoma of thyroid is a disease which is accompanied by the production of a large number of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland into the blood. In other words, the thyroid is running at an elevated pace. The size is relatively small, the growth could reach up to 3 inches.

The treatment of the disease

Treatment of toxic adenoma of the thyroid gland in most cases is carried out by this method, like surgery. Removed part or the entire thyroid. However, there are non-surgical treatment, about which we'll talk.

hirurgiyaThe disease can becured by taking correctly prescribed drugs and radioactive therapy. Most antithyroid drugs help to control the hyperthyroidism, that normalizes the release of thyroid hormones. The man allegedly at the stage of recovery when to take anti-thyroid drugs.

Radioactive iodine is also used to a large extent, to completely get rid of toxic adenoma. All of these methods of treatment without surgery helps to suppress TSH of hyperthyroidism.

Any of these procedures should be carried out after the final analysis of the patient's physical condition and medical history. Sometimes history really does play a very important role at the beginning of treatment. Therefore, sometimes radioactive iodine, which is regulated for therapeutic purposes, for treatment of the adenoma is only applied in rare cases. All these steps will help to keep the thyroid and normalize its work. Therefore, remember that you need to undergo a full diagnosis before you select a particular type of treatment.