Angioma of the kidney: symptoms and treatment
Angioma of the kidney – tumor originating from her blood or lymphatic vessels. In most cases, patients are diagnosed with the first type of pathological growths (hemangioma). Lymphangioma is quite rare. Despite the fact that such tumors are benign, the risk of malignant transformation exists. It is therefore important to identify pathology and, when necessary, to start treatment.
Tumors in the kidneys: how do they manifest themselves?
In the early stages of the development of angiomas of the kidneys, the symptoms are usually absent. They appear as tumor growth. The presence of pathological lesions in the kidney indicate:
- increased body temperature;
- the excess ESR and blood in the urine;
- constant feeling of weakness (sometimes accompanied by fainting, dizziness);
- any unexplained weight loss;
- pale skin (anemia);
- lack of appetite;
- sudden changes in blood pressure;
- back pain, irradiiruet in the thigh and groin (at rupture of the tumor patients concerned about acute renal colic).
Clinical manifestation angiomas depends on their type, size and characteristics of the current. If you have any suspicion of a tumor in the kidney are advised to contact the doctor he will prescribe appropriate tests.
Angioma of the kidney: how it can be detected?
To diagnose a tumor in the kidney, you can use:
- Ultrasound shows the depth distribution of the angioma and its dimensions.
- CT and MRI provides the most accurate information about the status of the tumor and blood vessels. They allow us to estimate kidney function, to assume the further prognosis.
- Radioisotope examination (scintigraphy) is used to diagnose the General condition of the kidneys.
- Angiography helps to set the velocity of blood flow in the vessels and parenchyma of the tumor.
- Intravenous urography (x-ray) allows to study the excretory function of the kidneys.
In cases of suspected malignancy is usually prescribed a biopsy. But this method of studying tumors not used in the angiom kidneys. The procedure is dangerous for the life of the patient, as it can cause complications such as internal bleeding.
Angioma in the kidney: treat or observe?
The choice of methods of treatment of angiomas of the kidneys depends on the peculiarities of the tumor. Typically, in pathological formations of small size (up to 3 inches in diameter), patients do not need a medical drugs. If the angioma does not compress the hepatic parenchyma and blood vessels, does not cause transformation of healthy cells into malignant, it is recommended just to watch them.
In the opposite situation (when the tumor grew significantly worsened the patient's condition) without surgery can not do. Surgical treatment of the angioma involves the resection or nephrectomy. The first type of operation is prescribed for benign entities, violating organ function. When this cut only affected cells. To nephrectomy (total removal of the organ) is resorted to, if the pathology is malignant.
Relatively new directions in the treatment of angiomas of the kidney is embolization (blockage of blood vessels that feed the tumor) and triallate (freezing degenerative modified cells). Studies have confirmed the effectiveness of these methods: in 90% of cases, a decrease, and then the complete destruction of angiomas.
Identified angioma of the kidney: what are the forecasts?
With timely treatment to the doctor's predictions for recovery is very favorable. In rare cases, after surgery relapses. Ifregularly monitor for angioma and the condition of the kidneys in General, follow the recommendations of doctor, the negative effects should not be.