Types of lymphoma
Despite the fact that lymphoma is not the best diagnosis, like any disease it can be overcome. The main time to consult a doctor and know what is this disease.
Lymphoma is a collection of cancer, when it affects cells of the immune system in the first place are cells of the lymphatic system of the body. Cancer develops in the case when the normal cells of the lymph are undergoing transformation and then begin to grow uncontrollably. Multiplying, the cells can be in one or more lymph nodes. Can accumulate in lymphoid organs such as the spleen, resulting in the development of lymphoma of the spleen. Continuing to multiply the abnormal cells form malignant growths.
The main symptom of this disease painless enlarged lymph nodes. Most often they are enlarged in the neck (lymphoma on the neck), underarms, abdomen, groin.
Other symptoms of lymphoma include:
- an unexplained fever that persists even after taking antibiotics;
- profuse sweating, especially at night;
- sudden weight loss;
- fatigue and weakness;
- cough (lung lymphoma);
- pain in lymph nodes after drinking alcohol (typical for Hodgkin's lymphoma).
Even in the presence of such symptoms, it is not always possible to talk about the disease. So as ordinary viral infection can cause swollen lymph nodes, which eventually get previous sizes. And only if specific complaints are saved, you need to consult a doctor and undergo diagnostic tests.
There are two types of lymphoma:
- Hodgkin's lymphoma (lymphogranulomatosis);
- Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (other subtypes of lymphomas).
Despite identical symptoms, the size and physical characteristics, they differ only in the results of microscopic examination. Hodgkin's lymphoma most often affects people age groups 2: about 20 and 50-60 years. To define it is possible only by unique genetic markers.
There are 5 subspecies Hodinskoe lymphoma and about 30 subtypes of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Due to the existence of many different subspecies, their classification is complicated, based on a microscopic picture and expressed genetic and molecular changes. Subtypes of Hodgkin's lymphoma on microscopic examination differ and are divided into types depending on the results of the study and the size of the tumor. Each type of lymphoma requires a special approach and individual selection of treatment.
The lymphatic system is spread throughout our body, the tumor can arise anywhere, even in places where it is difficult to probe. Sometimes lymphoma can trigger the occurrence of the syndrome of Vena cava. This occurs when the enlarged lymph nodes in the chest putting pressure on the veins, slowing blood flow to the organs. The result is headaches, swelling of the hands, neck, head, dyspnea, blurred vision.
When enlarged lymph nodes in abdominal pain, feeling of fullness and satiation after eating. Thus is manifested lymphoma of the abdominal cavity. Swelling of the leg may provoke a swollen lymph gland on the same side in my groin.
rare disease and occurs mainly in women after 50 years. Patients complain of unexplained weight loss, night perspiration, and in severe cases even the violation of passage of food, dyspnoea and hoarseness of voice.
Quite common lymphoma of the liver (25-50%), but clinically quite difficult to make an accurate diagnosis.
Poorly studied berkitta lymphoma, is most often diagnosed in children 3-7 years. Adults diagnosed with a weak immune deficiency, including AIDS. The etiology of this lymphoma is still not fully understood, but a provoking factor considered adverse environmental conditions.
The obvious reason for the development of any type of lymphoma is a disturbance in the immune system. For example, most patients with AIDS may develop lymphoma, as viruses infect cells, causing the body to immune disorders.
A clear example are the people who made the transplantation of vital organs. Their weakened immunity due to medication that inhibit the normal functioning of lymphocytes that would a transplanted organ is not rejected. There is also the assumption that the risk of lymphoma increases with the infection rate of hepatitis type C.
The study of lymphoma is quite a long process, but it is very difficult to establish an accurate diagnosis and stage. This depends on the course of treatment and the result. To date, lymphoma investigated a large number of scientists. As a result, in most cases, the disease can overcome and recover completely. Thanks to modern drugs, surgical interventions and to the treatment itself, there is a real opportunity to get rid of this disease. The earlier a person go to the doctor, the more he learns about his disease, the easier and faster it will be able to overcome it.