Dangerous osteoma bone?
Osteoma is a benign tumor that grows from the bone. She is growing fast, while not turning into malignancy. This disease occurs most often in children or young people. Depending on the structure and location of the osteoma bone can be several types. Most often, education appears in the flat areas of the skull, and also in the maxillary, ethmoid, frontal or sphenoid sinuses. Sometimes marvel can tibia, femur, humerus, and vertebrae.
How to recognize an osteoma?
The naked eye can detect bone bulge. Probing education, it is noticeable that it consists of solid tissue. In some cases, there may be signs of fibro-osseous lesions.
Depending on the variety of the tumor on x-ray it can be characterized in different ways:
- education by type of ivory have a clear outline, while they characteristic a uniform density;
- tumor of trabecular type is composed of bone tissue, but it may be the inclusion of the hematopoietic bone marrow. Not uncommon cancellous osteoma of the femur;
- if the tumor develops long enough, then in the picture it will look like normal bone, with barely noticeable bone marrow.
Why is developing?
If the place of injury a lot, you should consider the version of hereditary predisposition. Also, the reasons for this phenomenon should include:
- congenital exostosis.
What are the symptoms?
Osteoma is considered a rare disease, it develops slowly and almost painlessly.
Education, located on the outer area of the skull, tight and motionless. Painful sensations are not. If the osteoma develops at the domestic site, often there is headache, seizures, memory impairment, and increased intracranial pressure.
When osteoma in the "Turkish saddle" disturbed hormonal balance.
If affects the paranasal sinuses, due to irritation of the trigeminal nerve branches can result in such problems:
- blurred vision;
With the growth of the osteoma in the vertebra to large sizes near the nerve root can be felt severe pain accompanied by spinal nerve compression and curvature of the spine.
On the long tubular bones, for example, when the osteoma of the tibia, the tumor grows slowly, while they have the appearance of exophytic formations.
Multiple growth often indicates that a genetic disorder like Gardner's syndrome. Symptoms include colon polyps, any location of osteomas and tumors of soft tissue.
What characterizes the osteoma of parietal bone?
Osteoma of parietal bone most often occur in childhood and may be no symptoms. If we consider x-ray, it is possible to detect a convex mass without any sign of strain or bone growths in other tissues.
These benign tumors may have the appearance of osteoid osteomas and osteoblastoma. In the first case to reach five centimeters in diameter. As for the second problem, the lesion continuously increasing in size, they are rare in the cranial vault.
Please note! Compared with osteoblastoma, osteoid formation cause pain. Anyway, because of the danger of the location can not do resection.
What is dangerous osteoma in the femoralbones?
The most common place of formation of osteomas is the femoral neck. In the picture we can consider osteoid osteoma of the femur with advanced vessels, osteoblasts and deposition of bone tissue. In addition to the femoral neck may be affected by any other site. On the x-ray problem may not be detected or will be only visible thickening of the bones.
When osteoma of the femur may experience symptoms such as swelling of the legs, impaired coordination of movement and pain when walking. Often the pain syndrome worse at night, with its intensity and the different nature of the lesion. Because of violations of joint function may be limited.
The defeat of the occipital bone
Osteoma of the occipital bone may be accompanied by frequent headaches. Sometimes pronounced symptoms does not happen. It is benign with no problems, as it is similar to an osteoma of the frontal bone.
Please note! When osteoma of the temporal bone often does not occur disturbing symptoms.
Methods of diagnosis of the disease
To detect osteomas bones are assigned clinical studies and x-rays. After receiving the results, the doctor determines the nature of education. Thus, normal or diagnosed osteoid osteoma. The structure is almost no different from healthy bone. If we consider the case of osteoid forms, the doctor will see a different structure, different from normal bone tissue. Found the inclusion of osteogenic tissue and vascular congestion.
What determines the choice of treatment?
In this case, is not considered a method of conservative treatment of osteomas of the bone. Doctors insist on a radical removal of a benign tumor.
Important! If the disrupted internal organs, while there are attacks of severe pain and delay the development of bone, osteoma of the bone is eliminated by the method of surgical intervention.
During the operation, first, eliminates the formation, then made resection of a portion of healthy bone.
If the disease is not cause any symptoms and is characterized by small size, which grow slowly or not grow at all, shows the dynamic observation of the patient.
Depending on the type of the osteoma and its location, the doctor offers a particular way of effective treatment. Also of particular influence is the presence of pain affected areas and disruption of vital organs. Mandatory a number of clinical studies.