Curable if the tumor of the brain?
For the last time (20 years) number of diagnosed brain tumors has increased significantly. Some researchers connect this fact with the improvement of diagnostic methods.
Not so long ago on the question "whether the treated brain tumor patients received a rather negative response. In our time, of a brain tumor at the initial stage in many cases are treatable, and in tumors of the 3rd and 4th stages, doctors manage to extend the patient's life (sometimes quite significantly). Folk remedy for tumors of the brain absolutely useless.
Types of tumors
Brain tumors are divided into primary and secondary. Primary tumors begin to grow from the tissues of the brain, cranial nerves or meninges. There are primary tumors, depending on what tissue they originate from: glioblastoma, medulloblastoma, neuroblastoma, astrocytoma, schwannoma etc.
Secondary tumors are the result of tumours in other organs and the emergence of metastases in the brain. Secondary brain tumors are more common than primary. Spread to the brain may any kind of cancer. The most aggressive include breast cancer, kidney cancer, colon cancer, lung cancer, melanoma.
Brain tumors can be benign or malignant. A benign brain tumor different from a malignant that it consists of Mature cells of the tissue from which it grew. While a malignant tumor develops from the immature cells of brain tissue or malignant cells of other organs that fall into the brain through the blood.
The symptoms of the tumor
Symptoms of brain tumor include:
- frequent and severe headaches;
- bloom vision, double vision;
- sudden unexplained appearance of nausea and vomiting;
- speech disorders;
- hearing loss;
- unexplained changes in behavior;
- loss of sensation in upper or lower limbs;
Signs of a brain tumor can be signs of fatigue or other serious diseases. So if you experience any of these symptoms need to seek medical attention.
Causes of tumors
Risk factors that increase the probability of occurrence of tumor include:
- having close relatives with the brain tumor;
- the radiation exposure;
- exposure to toxic chemicals.
A brain tumor can appear at any age, but most often it occurs in people over 45 years. There are several types of tumors (e.g., medulloblastoma and astrocytoma mouchka), which often occur in children. Brain tumors may appear in several members of one family.
People exposed to radiation in the treatment of malignant tumors, as a result of technogenic disasters or atomic bomb explosion, brain tumors are more common. Some researchers perceive the causes of brain tumors in radiation exposure from microwave ovens and mobile phones. However, this assumption is not proven. Also are at increased risk of brain tumors people working at oil refineries, enterprises of health care, agriculture, etc., where they have often contact with carcinogens.
Diagnosis of brain tumor is to such events:
- neurological examination (includes test of reflexes, coordination, balance, acute hearing and vision) – if you have problemsit will be possible to approximately determine the area of the brain in which a tumor;
- magnetic resonance imaging is a revolutionary method of diagnosis, allowing to image the brain in different projections which allows doctors to assess the extent of spread of tumor and to prescribe adequate treatment;
- x-ray, ultrasound, computed tomography of various organs is produced, if there is a suspicion that a cancerous brain tumor secondary;
- a biopsy is done to determine the type of tumor during surgery to remove the tumor or with a needle through the drilled hole in the skull of the patient.
In the treatment of a brain tumor used the following methods:
1) symptomatic drug therapy;
4) radiation therapy;
Symptomatic therapy can alleviate the patient's condition. When symptomatic therapy of brain cancer apply corticosteroids (to relieve swelling of the brain tissue), sedative drugs (to avoid agitation), antiemetic drugs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, narcotic pain drugs (used in cases when a brain tumor 4 degrees).
Treatment of brain tumor with surgery is the most effective method of treatment of this disease. But often surgical intervention is impossible due to too large size of the tumor or its localization in a vital area of the brain, injury to which, privedit to death or loss of function.
At impossibility of the operation or as a complement to surgical intervention radiation therapy. Radiosurgery refers to radiation therapy, but it is characterized by a selective effect on tumor cells. In benign tumors the malignant tumors radiosurgery is an alternative surgical method.
Chemotherapy is used as adjunctive treatment after surgical intervention. Different types of tumors are treated with different drugs. The main problem is the presence of the blood-brain barrier, which may not pass medications in a brain of the patient (sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs in each patient a brain tumor is strictly individual).