The lymphatic system of our body is a system of lymph nodes vessels. The main character here – lymphocyte. In some cases there is unlimited division is mutated, tumor, lymphocyte. This disease is called lymphoma. Lymphoma called more than 30 kinds of diseases. Among them the main types adopted to distinguish the two:
- Hodgkin's Lymphoma,
- Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Both varieties are neoplastic diseases of the lymphatic system. Reasons of origin of lymphomas is unknown.
Among the risk factors
- Ionizing radiation,
- Adverse environmental conditions,
- Lose virus Epstein-Barr.
Stop for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Negotinska lymphoma has many subtypes that differ and symptoms, course, and treatment approaches. It all depends on the stage of differentiation of the cells from which the tumor is and the nature of tumor growth. The prognosis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma can be prosperous (with indolent lymphomas) to extremely negative (aggressive). If successful forecast the life expectancy of the sick may be 10-20 years, there is hope for recovery or stable remission. In the worst case only a year passes from the beginning of disease to death of the patient.
Clinical picture and diagnosis
The diagnosis of lymphoma is based on the research content of the tumor, obtained at biopsy. However, accurate diagnosis is possible only with comprehensive examination. It includes clinical studies, immunohistochemical, and histological examination.
The symptoms of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
- The increase in, and significant lymph nodes in the armpits, neck, groin. The increase in this form of lymphoma is painless.
- Feeling of fullness in the abdomen, shortness of breath, pain in the lower back due to enlarged lymph nodes and internal organs (liver, spleen).
- The increase in body temperature.
- Excessive sweating.
- Weight loss.
- The problems with digestion.
- Possible skin lesions.
If any lymph node increased more than an inch, and within a month has not returned to its normal state, then there is a basis for the appointment of a biopsy. Further, if necessary, will be assigned additional tests and proposed treatment. There are such types of lymphomas, which do not affects the lymph nodes and internal organs suffer. This is extranodal lymphoma.
The main methods of treatment of lymphoma
- Radiation therapy
- Bone marrow transplantation.
the patient depends on correct and timely treatment.