Women's health: uterine fibroids
Uterine fibroids – a benign tumor that arises in the smooth muscle structure of the uterus. At-risk Mature women 30 to 40 years. If you believe the statistics, then more predisposed to this disease women blacks than European ones.
What is a fibroma?
The tumor fibroadenoma type may be localized in these organs: uterus, ovaries, breast. It can be a single or a hub seal. Fibroids grow very slowly and in most cases asymptomatic. Tumor size can vary from a few millimeters to 30 centimeters in diameter.
Important! Fibroids are not prone to degeneration into a malignant tumor.
Fibroids externally similar to elastic lump. If it is small size, it can detect it only on the x-ray. Therefore, an annual examination by a gynecologist is required.
Symptoms of uterine fibroids is directly dependent on the size of the tumor and its localization. In 70% of cases the course of the disease asymptomatic, however, you should pay attention to the following factors:
- heavy menstrual bleeding
- the presence of blood clots
- the menstrual cycle lasts more than 7 days
- aching pain in the lower abdomen
- frequent constipation and urination
- drawing pain in the limbs and back
- discomfort in the pelvic region
- pain during intimacy
- sleepiness and fatigue
There are instances when stops the blood supply to the fibroid and it dies. The woman will torment severe pain and the body temperature will abruptly rise.
The tumor is found in every third women of our country. There are two causes: heredity and hormonal imbalance.
Among the most common we can distinguish several factors:
- the lack of birth to 30 years of age
- numerous abortions
- hormonal contraceptives
- inflammatory diseases of the genital organs
- early menstruation
- the use of alcohol or drugs
Important! Fibroids never seen in adolescents, who have not yet achieved puberty and in women who are in menopause.
Difference fibroids from fibroids
Many people often think that myoma and fibroma are one and the same. They are sadly mistaken. Let's see more, what distinguishes a fibroid from a uterine fibroid?
From the morphological standpoint they are two completely different tumors, which combines only the best quality and some similar symptoms.
A fibroid consists of smooth muscle fibers of the middle layer of the uterus. A fibroma from fibrous connective tissue. If the tumor is detected the same number of muscle and connective fibers, it is fibroids.
Medical help with fibroids
Only a doctor can accurately determine whether you have uterine fibroids. If she has grown up and has a large size, it can be detected by palpation. To diagnose small fibroids using ultrasound or MRI. Also resorted to hysterosalpingography. Sometimes even the specialist finds it difficult to accurately identify fibroids or fibroids in women. To do this, after removal of doing a biopsy or histological examination.
Treatment of uterine fibroids can be of two types: conservative or by removing.
Drug treatment is assigned to patients whose fibroids smallsizes and disease are asymptomatic. The doctor ascribes hormonal preparations and preparations for the relief of pain and bleeding (if there are any). Hormonal therapy has some contraindications and is not for everybody. Therefore, drugs are prescribed individually on the basis of symptoms and the course of disease. Such treatment is conducted under the close supervision of a physician.
Drug treatment nodular uterine fibroids possible at an early stage of tumor development. Avoid surgery is possible if the following indicators:
- very mild symptoms, no complications
- the volume of the uterus not greater than 12 weeks of pregnancy women
- the location of the nodes
Treatment is aimed at slowing the growth of hearth or full stop.
Surgical intervention is necessary when the fibroid is large in size and brightly expressed symptoms of the disease.
Surgical method involves the complete removal of uterine fibroids in several ways:
- conservative myomectomy
Hysterectomy is a radical method in which the tumor is removed along with the uterus.
Myomectomy is organ-preserving procedure, which is attributed to the young patients who plan future pregnancy and childbirth.
Embolization – a new approach to solving the problem. The operation is as follows: blocked blood flow to the fibroid and it gradually dies. This method has several advantages:
- short-term rehabilitation
- the operation is performed under local anesthesia, without incisions and sutures
- the absence of further recurrence
Embolization is fantastic for women who have discovered the key fibroids.
In the postoperative period is necessary to strengthen the body, to conduct several courses of mesotherapy.
Fibroids during pregnancy
Uterine fibroids during pregnancy occur quite often. Young mothers are often not sure whether they will be able to have a healthy baby without harm to their health.
Can you get pregnant with uterine fibroids? If the tumor is small, the woman is not concerned about its inherent symptoms, such fibroids does not prevent conception and gestation.
If fibroids of large size or a hub located in the region of the fallopian tubes, getting pregnant would be extremely difficult. Even if you succeed, then miscarriage or premature birth cannot be avoided.
Important! Patients with large fibroids should be observed by a doctor.
From the large size of the tumor best to get rid of before pregnancy.
Treatment of uterine fibroids folk remedies is possible only at an early stage of development. The gifts of nature perfectly stops the growth of the tumor and contribute to its resolution.
A decoction of strawberries
Fresh or frozen strawberries to brew ordinary tea and consumed for three months. Wild strawberry will reduce inflammation, strengthen the immune system and helps the resorption of the tumor.
Tincture of celandine
For its preparation you will need:
- one tablespoon of dry celandine
- 200 ml water
Boil the water, add the celandine and give infusions for 15 days. Store tincture in a cool dark place. After conditioning strain. To take on the scheme: on the first day one drop of tincture to a glass of water; the second day two drops and so on to 35 drops. To take the medicine on an empty stomach 1 time a day.
Important! During the intake eliminate dairy, sugary foods and fatty foods.
Uterine fibroids are not as scary as it seems. Most importantly, will be checked annually by a gynecologist to monitor your health, and in the case of suspected benign tumor, immediately contact the clinic.